Weiterführende Literatur

© Stephen Levin

Energiemedizin. Konzepte und ihre wissenschaftliche Basis von James L. Oschman (Autor)
Im Buch wird in einigen Kapiteln auch das Konzept der (Bio)Tensegrität behandelt.
Urban & Fischer Verlag

Anatomy Trains

Anatomy Trains
Myofasziale Meridiane
Thomas W. Myers
Urban & Fischer Verlag 2004
Das Buch enthält ein interessantes Kapitel über das muskuloskeletale System als "Tensegrity"-Struktur

Biotensegrity (Biotensegrität)

Ein mechanisches Modell biologischer Strukturen und Funktionen

© Tom Flemons

Der Begriff "Biotensegrity" stammt von dem amerikanischen Orthopäden Stephen Levin. Biotensegrity (Biotensegrität) ist ein mechanisches Modell biologischer Strukturen und Funktionen auf der Grundlage der Konzepte von Buckminster Fuller und Snelson.

In Biotensegrity Systemen existieren nur Spannungs- und Kompressionselemente. Es gibt keine Scheren, Biegemomente oder Hebel, sondern einfach nur Spannung und Kompression, in einer sich selbst organisierenden, hierarchischen, Last verteilenden und wenig Energie verbrauchenden Struktur.

"Tensegrity ist ein englisches Kofferwort aus tension, also Spannung und integrity, Ganzheit, Zusammenhalt. Es bezeichnet die Richard Buckminster Fuller und Kenneth Snelson zugeschriebene Erfindung eines Tragwerkssystems (eigentlich die Eigenschaft derselben), in dem sich Strukturen durch Druck und Spannung selbst stabilisieren." undefinedde.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tensegrity_(Architektur)

undefinedTensegrity bei michaelditsch.de

"In Tai Chi you are using exactly all your tensegrity and what you are doing is focusing that whole structure into one point and all the energy comes through the whole tension system out to one point. Tai Chi is a perfect example of the proper use of your tensegrity structure."
Stephen Levin

"Tatsächlich ordnen sich genau genommen alle miteinander verbundenen strukturellen Elemente eines Tensegrity-Modells als Antwort auf einen lokalen Stressor neu an. Wenn die Belastung zunimmt, ordnen sich mehr und mehr Elemente in der Richtung der Zugkraft an, so dass es zu einer linearen Versteifung des Materials kommt. Anders ausgedrückt: Tensegrity-Strukturen sind elastisch und werden umso stabiler, je mehr sie belastet werden."
Aus: Thomas W. Myers, Anatomy Trains, S. 50

Ingber Lab


"Von Molekülen bis hin zu Knochen, Muskeln und Sehnen des menschlichen Körpers ist Tensegrität das bevorzugte Bauprinzip der Natur. Nur mit seiner Hilfe kann man verstehen, warum sich bei jeder Armbewegung auch die Haut spannt und dieser Zug bis in das innere Gerüst von Zellen hinein wirkt, ohne daß etwas bräche oder risse."
Architekturen des Lebens. Von Donald E. Ingber. Aus: Spektrum der Wissenschaft 3 / 1998, Seite 32© Spektrum der Wissenschaft Verlagsgesellschaft mbH


The Architecture of Life. A universal set of building rules seems to guide the design of organic structures—from simple carbon compounds to complex cells and tissues. By Donald E. Ingber, Scientific American Januar 1998

3.4 M

"Biotensegrity reverses the centuries-old concept that the skeleton is the frame upon which the soft tissue is draped, and replaces it with an integrated fascial fabric with 'floating' compression elements (bones in vertebrates), enmeshed within the interstices of the tensioned elements." S. 137

"Contrary to lever mechanics, hierarchical tensegrity structures have only tension and compression members. There is no shear or torque, nor are there bending moments. Orientation in space has no effect on how the structure functions. Forces are distributed throughout the system rather than locally concentrated as they are in lever systems. The system functions as a single unit. All this makes for a more energy efficient system. Movement is not bending of hinges, but expansion, repositioning and contraction of tensegrities. An instant repositioning of tensegrities allows for freely moving joints while the triangulation imparts stability of form and function. Biotensegrity is the unifying mechanical structural concept that bridges the island of information that we now have about fascia and its role in body functions, and makes them a unified archipelago for understanding fascia's role in anatomy and physiology." S. 139

Stephen M. Levin und Danièle-Claude Martin, Biotensegrity - The mechanics of fascia. In: Fascia - The Tensional Network of the Human Body, 1st Edition - The science and clinical applications in manual and movement therapy, Schleip & Findley & Chaitow & Huijing, Churchill Livingstone - Elsevier, 2012

Fascia - The Tensional Network of the Human Body, 1st Edition - The science and clinical applications in manual and movement therapy, Schleip & Findley & Chaitow & Huijing, Churchill Livingstone - Elsevier, 2012


This book is the product of an important collaboration between clinicians of the manual therapies and scientists in several disciplines that grew out of the three recent International Fascia Research Congresses (Boston, Amsterdam, and Vancouver). The book editors, Thomas Findley MD PhD, Robert Schleip PhD, Peter Huijing PhD and Leon Chaitow DO, were major organizers of these congresses and used their extensive experience to select chapters and contributors for this book. This volume therefore brings together contributors from diverse backgrounds who share the desire to bridge the gap between theory and practice in our current knowledge of the fascia and goes beyond the 2007, 2009 and 2012 congresses to define the state-of-the-art, from both the clinical and scientific perspective. Prepared by over 100 specialists and researchers from throughout the world, Fascia: The Tensional Network of the Human Body will be ideal for all professionals who have an interest in fascia and human movement - physiotherapists, osteopathic physicians, osteopaths, chiropractors, structural integration practitioners, manual therapists, massage therapists, acupuncturists, yoga or Pilates instructors, exercise scientists and personal trainers - as well as physicians involved with musculoskeletal medicine, pain management and rehabilitation, and basic scientists working in the field. © Bild und Text Churchill Livingstone - Elsevier. Fascia - The Tensional Network of the Human Body, 1st Edition - The science and clinical applications in manual and movement therapy, Schleip & Findley & Chaitow & Huijing, Churchill Livingstone - Elsevier, 2012, Website zum Buch (mit Videos): undefinedwww.tensionalnetwork.com

Mit einem Beitrag von Stephen Levin und Danièle-Claude Martin über Biotensegrity "Biotensegrity - The mechanics of fascia" ab S. 137

Dr. Danièle-Claude Martin

In Deutschland beschäftigt sich Danièle-Claude Martin mit der Umsetzung der Biotensegrity (Biotensegrität) in ein Übungssystem für die Körperarbeit. Im Oktober 2009 war Danièle-Claude Martin Gastgeberin des ersten Treffens der Biotensegrity Interest Group (BIG) in St. Malo, Frankreich. Sie ist Physikerin, Bewegungsforscherin, ausgebildet in Qi Gong, Yi Quan und Spiraldynamik®. Lehrerin für dreidimensionale Bewegungskoordination in eigener Praxis.
Danièle-Claude Martin veranstaltet regelmäßig Seminare und Workshops.
Dr. Danièle-Claude Martin
Revaler Straße 10
D-81677 München
Tel. +49 089 910 21 47
Fax: +49 089 910 21 47
Email: undefineddc_martin()gmx.de

Biotensegrity – the structural basis of life, Graham Scarr, Handspring Publishing, 2014


The concept of tensegrity as a structural design principle has been around since the middle of the twentieth century and is currently seeing a huge increase in interest. From early forays into a new form of sculpture it is now incorporated into architecture and the engineering of deployable structures in space, and is also attracting the attention of biologists, clinicians and others interested in functional anatomy and movement. Tensegrity models emulate biology in ways that were inconceivable in the past, and the principles underlying their construction provide a more thorough assessment of biological mechanics at every size scale. This book is a response to the frequently asked question, “what is (bio)tensegrity”, and will inspire the reader to take a deeper look at biological structure and find their own ways of applying it. It is a perspective that recognises that all natural forms are the result of interactions between natural physical forces and the fundamental laws that regulate them, and that an appreciation of these simple precepts leads to a better understanding of the human body as a functionally integrated and hierarchical unit. "Biotensegrity – the structural basis of life" presents a detailed and overall picture of tensegrity/biotensegrity and brings everything together for the first time, from its discovery and basic geometry to its significance to functional anatomy and biomechanical theory, and is a much needed reference; it is part of the basic science that underpins clinical reasoning. © Bild und Text Handspring Publishing. Biotensegrity – the structural basis of life, Graham Scarr, Handspring Publishing, 2014